Improving the efficiency of oilfield electric power distribution

Authors

  • Yu. F. Yu. F. Romaniuk Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, 15 Karpatska Street Ivano-Frankivsk Ukraine, 76019, tel: (0342) 727172
  • О. V. Solomchak ІФНТУНГ
  • М. V. Hlozhyk Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, 15 Karpatska Street Ivano-Frankivsk Ukraine, 76019, tel: (0342) 727172

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31471/1993-9868-2019-2(32)-79-87

Keywords:

electrical network, electricity transmission, power loss, efficiency factor.

Abstract

The issues of increasing the efficiency of electricity transmission to consumers with different nature of their load are considered. The dependence of the efficiency of the electric network of the oil field, consisting of a power line and a step-down transformer, on the total load power at various ratios between the active and reactive components of the power is analyzed, and the conditions under which the maximum transmission efficiency can be ensured are determined. It is shown by examples that the power transmission efficiency depends not only on the active load, but also largely on its reactive load. In the presence of a constant reactive load and an increase in active load, the total power increases and the power transmission efficiency decreases. In the low-load mode, the schedule for changing the power transmission efficiency approaches a parabolic form, since the influence of the active load on the amount of active power loss decreases, and their value will mainly depend on reactive load, which remains unchanged. The efficiency reaches its maximum value provided that the active and reactive components of the power are equal. In the case of a different ratio between them, the efficiency decreases. With a simultaneous increase in active and reactive loads and a constant value of the power factor, the power transmission efficiency is significantly reduced due to an increase in losses. With a constant active load and an increase in reactive load, efficiency of power transmission decreases, since with an increase in reactive load, losses of active power increase, while the active power remains unchanged. The second condition, under which the line efficiency will be maximum, is full compensation of reactive power.  Therefore, in order to increase the efficiency of power transmission, it is necessary to compensate for the reactive load, which can reduce the loss of electricity and the cost of its payment and improve the quality of electricity. Other methods are also proposed to increase the efficiency of power transmission by regulating the voltage level in the power center, reducing the equivalent resistance of the line wires, optimizing the loading of the transformers of the step-down substations and ensuring the economic modes of their operation.

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Published

2020-08-31

How to Cite

Yu. F. Romaniuk, Y. F. ., Solomchak О. V. ., & Hlozhyk М. V. . (2020). Improving the efficiency of oilfield electric power distribution. Oil and Gas Power Engineering, (2(32), 79–87. https://doi.org/10.31471/1993-9868-2019-2(32)-79-87

Issue

Section

NEW SOLUTIONS IN MODERN EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGIES