Improving the efficiency of gas pipeline cleaning by controlling the speed of the gas cleaning
Keywords:cleaning, cleaning piston, speed control, braking, looping, hydraulic efficiency, hydraulic shock, fluid flows.
An important aspect of improving the hydraulic efficiency of pipeline transport is its periodic cleaning with mechanical cleaning devices. Cleaning gas pipelines with cleaning pistons is a technologically complex process. It is advisable to adjust the speed of the piston to increase the efficiency of cleaning the pipeline with the crossed track profile. On the ascending and plain sections of the route, maintain a high speed of movement of the device, and on the descending it to reduce. To slow down the movement of the piston in the downstream sections of the main gas pipelines, it is proposed to change the technological scheme of the linear part. It is suggested to use a looping connection to change the flow chart. The change of the speed of movement of the treatment device when changing the technological scheme of the main gas pipeline was evaluated. The influence on the dynamics of the movement of the cleaning piston of the main parameters of the pipeline and looping, as well as the parameters of the movement of the piston itself, are investigated. A mathematical model of the process is built, on the basis of the implementation of which the regularities of the treatment device movement when changing the technological scheme of the gas pipeline are established. An equation was obtained to find the ratio of the mass flow rates of gas in the main gas pipeline before and after connecting the loop, which can be solved by the iteration method. The algorithm is developed and the program of calculation of the degree of reduction of the speed of movement of the piston is developed, depending on the kind of technological parameters and technical characteristics of the treatment device and the pipeline. Based on the calculations, the graphical dependences of the relative speed of the piston on the technological parameters and technical characteristics of the main pipeline were constructed. The authors found that the greatest effect on the degree of reduction of the speed of the piston has the length of the loop. It has been investigated that a decrease in the initial pressure and an increase in the final pressure, as well as an increase in the pressure drop at the moving boundary, lead to an improvement in the braking conditions
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