Development of technology for repair of shaped elements of pipeline systems in hard-to-reach places
It is proposed that erosion or corrosion worn out bends of pipeline systems in hard-to-reach places be repaired by trenchless methods by pulling a sleeve or a flexible composite pipe with a piston. The possibility of implementing such an idea is confirmed by theoretical and experimental studies. Mathematical modeling of the process of pulling a sleeve by a piston by a pipeline that contains a defective tap is performed. Formulas are derived for determining all resistance forces acting on a mobile system, patterns of pressure changes at the compressor outlet during such work are determined. A technique has been developed for calculating the friction force between the sleeve and the inner wall of the pipeline at the outlet, due to the pressing of the sleeve through a change in the direction of pulling. The dependence of the required pressure for the piston to extend the sleeve only with a defective bend on the bend angle of the bend is determined. An experimental setup has been developed and built to study the dynamics of the sleeve pulling by a piston. As a result of the experimental tests, it was found that it is possible to extend the sleeve through a pipeline with a piston that contains bend. The resistance forces acting on the moving system, the patterns of pressure change at the beginning of the pipeline in time when the sleeve is pulled by the piston, are experimentally determined. The experimental results are compared with the results of theoretical calculations and the reliability of theoretically derived dependencies is confirmed. The technique and technology for repairing defective pipe bends in hard-to-reach places has been developed by pulling a sleeve or a flexible composite pipe with a piston. The piston moves under the pressure of the air supplied to the piston space by the compressor. A drum with a wound sleeve or flexible composite pipe is placed in a cylindrical sealed chamber. A special supporting device has been developed to place a flexible composite pipe wound into a bay in a cylindrical sealed chamber.
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